首页河北法学 精文推荐
 
论姓名权与个人信息利益保护的区分
新闻来源:    点击数:73    更新时间:2019-09-16 15:47:32    收藏此页

                                                           论姓名权与个人信息利益保护的区分

             张素华,宁园

              (武汉大学,湖北 武汉 430072 )

摘要:个人信息和姓名在客体上存在包含关系,使用上存在交叉关系,因此姓名权与个人信息利益的关系有必要明确,二者的区分不仅限于新型和传统之别。姓名权的本质是对姓名与姓名主体对应关系的支配,以自然人创设、保有和使用对应关系为内容,重点在于保护姓名识别和表征功能的正确发挥。个人信息利益则承担了防止个人信息识别功能的发挥以维护个人信息安全的现代使命,基于公共利益的考量和权利义务主体间的力量悬殊对比,个人信息自决的消极意义更为突出。在立法表达上,姓名权以权利内容表达为主,而个人信息利益则应当建立在知情同意架构下以义务内容表达为主。就同时涉及姓名和个人信息的侵权行为认定而言,基于二者本质内容上的差异,应以受侵害的利益内容为主要依据进行判定。

关键词:姓名权 个人信息利益 对应关系表征功能 识别功能

The Difference Between the Right to Personal Information and the Right to Name

ZHANG Suhua,NING Yuan

(Wuhan University, Wuhan,Hubei 430072)

Abstract:The scope of personal information include one’s name. Besides, someone often use his name as well as his other information at the same time. Thus, it’s necessary to clarify what kind of relation the personal information and name have.  The essence of the name right is to control the correspondence between the name and the correct person. People can create, conserve and use this correspondence. The right to name focuses on guaranteeing the function of the name right to be used correctly. The matter of the name right is right or wrong. Instead, the matter of the personal information right is yes or no. The right of personal information bears the modern mission of maintaining personal information security. Usually, the person related to personal information is prevented from recognition. Based on the consideration of public interests, the information right put its importance on negatively prevention of infringement. There is apparent difference between them, which should be emphasized during the judicial practice.

Key Words: the right of personal information, the corresponding relation, the right of name, the function of recognition, the function of representation

总页数:1  第 1 页 

上一篇:司法改革背景下的捕诉关系路径选择
下一篇:论版权确界规范的表现形式
【刷新页面】【加入收藏】【打印此文】 【关闭窗口】