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论康德的法权概念
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 论康德的法权概念

         

韩志伟1,马淑琴2

(1.吉林大学 哲学基础理论研究中心暨哲学社会学院,吉林 长春 130012;2.吉林大学 哲学社会学院,吉林 长春 130012)

摘  要:  康德从纯粹实践理性出发,使近代世俗的自然法权提升到了先验的理性法权的水平。这一先验的理性法权概念呈现为三个环节,即可能的法权根据(唯一的自由法权)、现实的法权行为(具体的获得法权)和必然的法权状态(普遍的公共法权),其中,每个环节都是一个整体,构成了“全息式”的先验理性法权体系,它成为人们进一步思考现代法权概念所无法回避的一个“永恒的问题”。

关键词:  法权;自由任意;理智占有;国家公民制度;实践理性

中图分类号: B516.31    文献标识码:  A    文章编号

On Kant's Concept of Rights

HAN Zhi-wei1, MA Shu-qin2 

(1.Center for Fundamentals of Philosophy & School of Philosophy and Sociology, Jilin University, Changchun 130012 China; 2. School of Philosophy and Sociology, Jilin University, Changchun 130012 China)

Abstract: From the pure practical rational, Kant raised the modern secular natural right to the level of a priori rational right. This transcendental concept of rational rights is presented in three parts, namely the possible right basis (the only liberty right), the actual right act (the specific acquired right) and the inevitable right status (universal public right), in which each part is a whole, which constitutes a "holographic" system of priori rational right. It becomes an "eternal topic" that people can't avoid without further thinking about the concept of modern rights.

Key words: rights; freedom; rational possession; national citizen institution; practical rational


 

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