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后TRIPS协议时代美国知识产权国际保护诉求之变及其影响
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           后TRIPS协议时代美国知识产权国际保护诉求之变及其影响

马忠法  李依琳

(复旦大学 法学院,上海 200000)

摘要:国际知识产权法律制度在后TRIPS协议时代以双边,区域条约为载体,缺乏像TRIPS协议那样对其成员产生约束力的全球性的多边条约。以美国为首的发达国家需求更高水平的知识产权保护,但以中国为代表的经济、技术发展水平不高的发展中国家的却无法接受。而伴随着发展中国家的发展,在相对公平的基础上获得技术进而进行模仿创新对它们而言最为合理,但美国等发达国家为了维持其经济霸权,开始摒弃全球多边主义而转向区域主义、双边主义甚或单边主义,在区域或双边条约中规定它们所试图追求的知识产权制度。对此,为确保全球经济、技术等较为均衡的的发展,TRIPS协议作为知识产权保护的标准不该被抛弃而该在适当兼顾各方利益诉求的前提下继续补充和完善。

关键词:TRIPS协议,反假冒贸易协定,跨太平洋伙伴关系协定,单边主义,301调查

Changes and Impacts of US Intellectual Property International Protection Appeals in the Post-TRIPS Agreement Era

MA Zhongfa LI Yilin

(Fudan university Law School,shanghai,200000 China)

Abstract:In the post-TRIPS era, the international intellectual property legal system is based on bilateral and regional treaties. It lacks an intellectual property legal system that can be basically used worldwide like TRIPS. Developed countries such as United States need higher levels of intellectual property protection, but the economic levels of developing countries represented by China cannot afford the economic support required for such protection. With the rising of developing countries from imitation to innovation, in order to consolidate their economic status, developed countries gradually began to abandon economic integration and turned to regional economies, and stipulated in the regional treaties the intellectual property rights system they sought to pursue. It is true that at any time of the development of science and technology, a higher level of protection of intellectual property rights will inevitably appear. However, such a system should not only represent the pursuit of the interests of one party. TRIPS under globalization should not be abandoned and continue to develop.

Key words: TRIPS,ACTA,TPP,Unilateralism,301 research

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