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行政举报答复行为可诉性的规制路径探析
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行政举报答复行为可诉性的

规制路径探析

 

曾 哲,梭 娅  

(西南政法大学 行政法学院,重庆 401120)

摘要:近年来,随着公民监督检举意识的高涨以及参与行政活动积极性的不断提高,举报人与行政机关间的矛盾冲突日益凸显。尽管2016年最高人民法院颁布的77号指导性案例对此类案件的可诉性问题明确了具有利害关系的自益性举报人享有行政诉讼原告主体资格的裁判基准。此外,2018年2月8日起施行的《最高人民法院关于适用〈中华人民共和国行政诉讼法〉的解释》第12条第5项亦规定了出于维护自身合法权益的投诉人享有诉权。然而,当前裁判准则粗疏不一尚难以应对现实中层出不穷的诸如职业打假人滥诉等纠纷频发,彰显出该类案件在理论和司法裁判面临的双重钳制,亟待从司法审查路径对其进行规制。

关键词:举报;答复行为;可诉性;司法审查;规制路径

The Actionability of administrative reporting and reply Probe into the Regulatory Path

ZENG Zhe,SUO Ya

(Southwest University of Political Science and Law,Chongqing 401120 China)

Abstract: In recent years, with the rise of citizens'awareness of supervision and prosecution and the continuous improvement of their enthusiasm to participate in administrative activities, the contradictions and conflicts between informants and administrative organs have become increasingly prominent. Although Guiding Case No. 77 promulgated by the Supreme People's Court in 2016 clarifies the criteria for self-interest whistleblowers to enjoy the qualification of plaintiff in administrative litigation. In addition, Article 12, paragraph 5, of the Interpretation of the Supreme People's Court on the Application of the Administrative Procedure Law of the People's Republic of China, which came into force on February 8, 2018, also stipulates that the claimants who are seeking to safeguard their legitimate rights and interests shall have the right of action. However, the current judicial criteria are not so simple as to deal with the frequent disputes in reality, such as professional counterfeiters'indiscriminate lawsuits, which highlights the dual restraint faced by such cases in theory and judicial adjudication, and urgently needs to be regulated from the judicial review path.

Key words: Reporting;Answering Behavior;Litigability;Judicial Review;Regulatory Path


 

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