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我国刑法中管理秩序法益还原为实体性法益之提倡
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我国刑法中管理秩序法益还原为实体性法益之提倡

(苏州大学王健法学院,江苏苏州,215006)

李文吉*

摘要:当前我国刑法理论往往将行政犯的法益界定为管理秩序(制度)法益,但是对于这一法益的界定,要么语焉不详、要么将其界定为抽象的行政管理秩序(制度),如此模糊的界定,使管理秩序法益日益沦为“口袋法益”。产生这一问题的根本原因在于误认为所有行政法益均可以在达到一定量的情况下上升为刑事法益,加之没有区分刑法法益与规范保护目的,导致单纯的行政管理秩序混入刑法法益之中。应将前置法秩序和单纯行政管理秩序这两个行政法益从当前刑法法益中驱逐出去,根据法秩序统一原理借助前置法将适格的刑法管理秩序法益还原为实体性法益。

关键词:法定犯;行政犯;管理秩序法益;实体性法益;法秩序统一

Advocacy of Management Order Legal of Criminal Law Interest Returned to Substantive Legal Interest

LI Wenji

(Kenneth Wang School of Law,Soochow University,Suzhou,Jiangsu 215006,China)

Abstract: At present, our criminal law theory often defines the legal interests of administrative Crime(mala prohibita) as the legal interests of management order (system). However, the definition of the legal interest is either vague or abstract administrative order (system).Such a vague definition reduces the legal interests of management order to“pocket legal interests”.The root cause of this problem lies in the misunderstanding that all administrative legal interests can reach a certain amount and rise to criminal legal interests.In addition, there is no distinction between the legal interests of criminal law and the purpose of normative protection of criminal law, which leads to the entry of a simple administrative order into the legal interests of criminal law. The two administrative legal interests of the pre-criminal law order and the simple administrative order should be expelled from the current legal interests of the criminal law.With the help of unity of the legal order, the legal interests of the proper criminal law management order can be reduced to substantive interests.

Keywords:mala prohibita; administrative crime; legal interest of management order ;substantive legal interest; unity of the legal order

 

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