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《民法典》保证期间规则修改评释
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《民法典》保证期间规则修改评释

杨巍

(武汉大学 法学院,湖北 武汉 430072)

摘要:《民法典》新增保证期间概念的规定属于不完全法条,不能仅依据该条认定保证责任消灭。《民法典》规定保证期间为不变期间,是继承司法解释规定的结果,也是与诉讼时效规则相契合的需要。《民法典》继承了司法解释的“视为没有约定”规则,但未继承“视为约定不明”规则。对于“保证责任直至主债务本息还清时为止”条款,应依据意思表示解释规则确定其涵义和效力。对于《民法典》新规定的保证债务诉讼时效起算点,应采目的性缩限解释并结合诉讼时效的一般起算标准予以解释。

关键词:民法典;保证期间;约定保证期间;诉讼时效;起算

Comment on the Amendment of Rules in the Guarantee Period of the Civil Code

Yang Wei

(Wuhan University Law School,Wuhan 430072,China)

Abstract: The provision of the concept of guarantee period newly added in the Civil Code is an incomplete provision, and it cannot be determined that the guarantee responsibility is eliminated based on this provision alone. The Civil Code stipulates that the guarantee period is an invariable period, which is the result of inheriting the provisions of judicial interpretation, and is also in accordance with the requirements of the statute of limitations. Civil Code inherited the "deemed no agreement" rule of judicial interpretation, but did not inherit the "deemed unknown agreement" rule. For the " the guarantee responsibility undertaken by the guarantor shall end when the principal and interest of the principal debt are paid off " clause, the meaning and effect shall be determined according to the rules of interpretation of meaning. For the starting point of the limitation of action for guaranteed debt newly stipulated in the Civil Code, it should be interpreted in accordance with the purpose of limitation and combined with the general starting standard of the limitation of action.

Keywords: Civil Code; guarantee period; agreed guarantee period; Limitation of action; starting point

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